NATO:in turvallisuutta uhkaavat kyberuhkat ovat monimutkaisia, tuhoisia ja pakottavia, ja niitä esiintyy yhä useammin. NATO tulee jatkossakin sopeutumaan muuttuvaan kyberuhkien maisemaan. NATO ja sen liittolaiset tarvitsevat vahvat ja kestävät kyberturvallisuuspuolustukset, jotta ne voivat täyttää liittouman keskeiset tehtävät, joita ovat kollektiivinen puolustus, kriisinhallinta ja yhteistyöllinen turvallisuus. Liittouman on oltava valmistautunut puolustamaan verkkojaan ja toimintojaan kasvavan kyberuhkien kehittymisen vaikutuksilta.
- Cyber defence is part of NATO’s core task of collective defence.
- NATO Allies have affirmed that international law applies in cyberspace.
- NATO’s main focus in cyber defence is to protect its own networks, operate in cyberspace (including through the Alliance’s operations and missions), help Allies to enhance their national resilience and provide a platform for political consultation and collective action.
- In July 2016, Allies reaffirmed NATO’s defensive mandate and recognised cyberspace as a domain of operations in which NATO must defend itself as effectively as it does in the air, on land and at sea.
- Allies also made a Cyber Defence Pledge in July 2016 to enhance their cyber defences, and have continued to bolster their national resilience as a matter of priority.
- NATO reinforces its cyber capabilities, including through education, training and exercises.
- Allies are committed to enhancing information-sharing and mutual assistance in preventing, mitigating and recovering from cyber attacks.
- NATO Cyber Rapid Reaction teams are on standby 24 hours a day to assist Allies, if requested and approved.
- At the 2018 NATO Summit in Brussels, Allies agreed to set up a Cyberspace Operations Centre as part of NATO’s strengthened Command Structure. They also agreed that NATO can draw on national cyber capabilities for operations and missions.
- In February 2019, Allies endorsed a NATO guide that sets out a number of tools to further strengthen NATO’s ability to respond to significant malicious cumulative cyber activities.
- NATO and the European Union (EU) are cooperating through a Technical Arrangement on Cyber Defence, which was signed in February 2016. In light of common challenges, NATO and the EU are strengthening their cooperation on cyber defence, notably in the areas of information exchange, training, research and exercises.
- NATO is intensifying its cooperation with industry through the NATO Industry Cyber Partnership.
- At the 2021 NATO Summit in Brussels, Allies endorsed a new Comprehensive Cyber Defence Policy, which supports NATO’s core tasks and overall deterrence and defence posture to enhance further the Alliance’s resilience.
- Allies are using NATO as a platform for political consultation, sharing concerns about malicious cyber activities and exchanging national approaches and responses, as well as considering possible collective responses.
- Allies are promoting a free, open, peaceful and secure cyberspace, and pursuing efforts to enhance stability and reduce the risk of conflict by supporting international law and voluntary norms of responsible state behaviour in cyberspace.